ORIGINAL ARTICLE
HEARING SCREENING OF SCHOOL CHILDREN IN THE WARMIAN-MASURIAN VOIVODESHIP
Piotr H. Skarżyński 1, 2, 3, A-B,E,G,   Cezary Łuszcz 3, 4, A-B,   Weronika Świerniak 2, A-F  
,   Krzysztof Tarczyński 2, B-C,   Monika Matusiak 2, B-D,   Andrzej W. Włodarczyk 5, A-B,F,   Henryk Skarżyński 2, A-B,D-E,G
 
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1
Heart Failure and Cardiac Rehabilitation Department, Second Faculty of the Medical University of Warsaw
2
Department of Teleaudiology and Screening, World Hearing Center, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Warsaw, Poland
3
Institute of Sensory Organs, Kajetany, Poland
4
Warmian-Masurian’s Center of Hearing and Speech, Medincus
5
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, University of Warmia and Mazury
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article;
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Weronika Świerniak   

Weronika Świerniak, World Hearing Center, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Mokra 17 Street, Kajetany, 05-830 Nadarzyn, e-mail: w.swierniak@ifps.org.pl
Publication date: 2020-04-07
 
J Hear Sci 2019;9(2):36–44
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Hearing screening is an important part of prevention. It allows early detection of hearing disorders, allowing treatment to begin early and eliminating or minimizing negative consequences. Children with hearing impairment often experience delayed speech development and cognitive abilities, which can result in learning disabilities and reduce school progress. Since 1999, the Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing in Poland has provided a hearing screening program for school-aged children in the country. The main aim of the program is the early detection of hearing disorders, especially in children starting school, and to increase the awareness of parents and the school more generally about hearing problems

Material and Methods:
There were 6,297 children from the Warmian – Masurian Voivodeship enrolled in the program (3,050 girls; 3,247 boys) from grades 1 to 6 and aged between 6 and 13 years. Hearing screening was conducted over two time-frames: from September 2014 to June 2015, and from September 2015 to June 2016. Most of the children were from the first group: 81.1% of all pupils examined. Each child was assessed by pure tone audiometry and a questionnaire addressed to parents.

Results:
Based on the result of the audiogram, screening showed that hearing impairment was found in 1169 (18.6%) of the examined pupils. Of these, 64.5% (750 children) had single-sided hearing loss

Conclusions:
The results confirm that awareness of hearing disorders in Poland is low. Many school-age children have hearing loss, but it is often not detected by caregivers and teachers. Even small hearing losses may cause difficulties in communication, emotional reactions, or learning. Early detection of hearing disorders is therefore crucial. A screening program can quickly identify patients with hearing loss and implement appropriate treatment and rehabilitation as soon as possible, actions that can improve the quality of life of the children and their families.

 
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