Development of Phonological Processing Test in Marathi (PPT-M) for Young Adults
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School of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Pune, India
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article;
Submission date: 2022-06-13
Final revision date: 2023-06-19
Acceptance date: 2023-06-21
Online publication date: 2023-07-08
Publication date: 2023-07-08
Corresponding author
Aashral Virendra Surana   

School of Audiology and Speech Language Pathology, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, Katraj, 411043, Pune, India
J Hear Sci 2023;13(2):49–56
Central auditory processing and phonological processing are interconnected as they both involve successful intertwining of auditory, cognitive, and language mechanisms. A deficit in the ability to process spoken language can result in CAPD. The aim of this study was to develop a test (PPT-M) to evaluate the level of phonological processing among young Marathi-speaking adults. A second aim was to investigate the difference in the phonological processing of words and non-words.

Material and methods:
The PPT-M test included three subtests: phonological awareness, phonological working memory, and phonological retrieval. For the awareness and memory tasks, the stimulus was words and non-words, whereas rapid automatised naming (RAN) of digits and letters was used to assess the retrieval task. Data was collected from 40 young adults aged 18 to 25 years. We recorded accuracy and time taken to complete the tasks.

Results of item analysis suggest that the developed tool has good reliability. No significant gender effect was observed. A stimulus effect was observed for the phonological processing test.

The Phonological Processing Test in Marathi (PPT-M) has good internal consistency and reliability. Words and non-words are processed differently and the time required to respond to both varies. There were no gender differences. In the phonological awareness test, blending and segmentation tasks required more time to complete and had reduced accuracy.