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Speech Therapy Department and Audiology, Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil
Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Support Group for Adolescents and Children with Cancer from Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article;
Publication date: 2021-03-31
Corresponding author
Raquel Caroline Ferreira Lopes Fontanelli   

Speech Therapy Department and Audiology, Federal University of São Paulo, Rua Botucatu, 802, 04023-062, São Paulo, Brazil
J Hear Sci 2021;11(1):46-53
Type 1 neurofibromatosis occurs in 1 in every 3,000 individuals, representing 90% of cases of neurofibromatosis. Hearing impairments are not commonly described as an alteration resulting from the pathology; however, sensorineural hearing losses with retrocochlear characteristics may occur as a result of the presence of acoustic neurinomas.

To assess the electrophysiological and electroacoustic hearing characteristics of individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1.

Material and methods:
We assessed 15 patients, 10 females and 5 males, aged between 9 and 31 years, using the following procedures: pure tone audiometry, transient evoked otoacoustic emissions, contralateral suppression of otoacoustic emissions, and brainstem auditory evoked potentials.

All individuals presented auditory thresholds within normal limits. The mean amplitude of the general responses of otoacoustic emissions in the right and left ears were 11.8 and 12.8 dB, respectively; the suppression effect of otoacoustic emissions was present in 73.3% for the right ear and 66.7% for the left. For brainstem auditory evoked potentials, we obtained mean wave latencies for the right and left ears respectively of wave I: 1.83 and 1.80 ms, III: 4.08 and 4.15 ms, and V: 5.96 and 6.09 ms.

Individuals with neurofibromatosis type 1 present auditory thresholds within normal limits, present transient otoacoustic emissions, the nonsystematic presence of the suppression effect of otoacoustic emissions and prolonged latencies in brainstem auditory evoked potentials.

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