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Institute of Genetics and Cytology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus
Olga Shubina-Oleinik   

Olga Shubina-Oleinik, Institute of Genetics and Cytology, National Academy of Sciences of Belarus, Minsk, Belarus, e-mail: oleinik.olga@yahoo.co.uk
Publication date: 2020-04-16
J Hear Sci 2014;4(2):24–29
The splice site nucleotide substitution IVS1+1G>A in the non-coding part of the GJB2 gene is one of the recessive pathogenic mutations causing nonsyndromic sensorineural hearing loss (NSHL). We present here the results of a study of IVS1+1G>A among Belarusian patients with NSHL as well as among Belarusian controls with normal hearing.

Material and Methods:
The PCR-RFLP method was used for genotyping. All tested patients were subdivided into three groups: those who carried only one mutant allele of GJB2 exon 2 (group A, 28 patients), those with no mutation of GJB2 exon 2 (group B, 150 patients), and patients with two mutations previously detected in the second exon of GJB2 or with one mutation and a large GJB6 deletion ∆D13S1830 (group C, 223 patients). Also 300 Belarusian people with normal hearing were screened for IVS1+1G>A.

We detected 7 patients with IVS1+1G>A mutation in the A group, which explained hearing loss in 25% of this deafness cohort. None of the B or C group patients carried the IVS1+1G>A mutation. We also did not find any IVS1+1G>A mutation carriers among the 300 Belarusian control people with normal hearing.

IVS1+1G>A is the third-most frequent mutation (after 35delG and 312del14) among Belarusian patients with NSHL; its rate is 1.8% for the patient cohort we studied and the population frequency is below 0.33%. We propose to include the IVS1+1G>A mutation into a laboratory screening protocol for those patients with NSHL that carry one mutant allele of GJB2 exon 2.

The work was supported by a project grant from the Belarusian Republican Foundation for Fundamental Research (BRFFR), project grant Б14Р-081.
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