Leo De Raeve, Ruud van Hardeveld
JHS 2013; 3(4): RA9-16
Cochlear Implantation is the mayor beneficial treatment of bilateral profound deafness in children and adults, but there are big differences in utilization between European countries.
Material and Methods:: Statistical data on the number of implanted persons are obtained each year by Euro-CIU (the European Association of Cochlear Implant Users). This study gives an overview of the current number of cochlear implants in 16 European countries and shows our model to predict the future demand on cochlear implants in children and adults.
Results:: The utilisation degree of cochlear implantation by suitable children and adults varies considerably between the European countries. Most East-European countries with a less high economic status focus on the implantation of children rather than adults. Although adult recipient numbers are growing, it has been estimated that less than 10% of candidate adults in Europe receive a CI. There are little to none scientific data available on late onset neither on progressive hearing loss in children neither in adults.
Conclusion:: It is possible to estimate the yearly number of CI candidates in a country, but we don’t have enough reliable data available to put into our model. Because of the underutilization of cochlear implants, especially in adults, we have to work on the general awareness of the benefits of cochlear implants and its improvement on the quality of life, based on cost-effectiveness data and on guidelines for good clinical practices.
Keywords: Cochlear Implants, Prevalence, Deafness