Zdzisław Kurkowski, Katarzyna Sienkiewicz
JHS 2011; 1(3): EA57-59
Aim: The aim of this study was to detect the risk of dyslexia and central hearing disorders in a group of six-year-old children.
Material and Method: The group consisted of 14 children, 7 boys and 7 girls. The duration of the investigation was about 40 minutes per one person. Before each test the examined child was acquainted with the instruction to the test and then presented with examples to make sure that he/she understood the command. The following tests were used to diagnose the risk of dyslexia: dyslexia risk scale by Bogdanowicz, tests for diagnosis of central hearing disorders: FPT, DPT by Senderski, the test of dichotic listening of words by Kurkowski, the test of speech understanding in noise in the form of the multimedia program, "I hear ...", and the test pitch differentiation carried out with the device “Audiometer S”.
Results: We have detected five symptoms that indicate the risk of dyslexia and central hearing disorders. Children had difficulty with the differentiation of sounds, hearing words in noise, with understanding longer commands, they also had problems with attention and phonation. In the group where no symptoms suggesting subsequent occurrence of dyslexia were found, problems with central auditory processing also appeared.
Conclusion: The research has confirmed that the number of children with central auditory disorders and risk of dyslexia is increasing. These children, despite generally good intelligence, require regular assistance during the educational process. It is necessary to modify the methods of teaching in schools and at home, apply training tools based on computer programs or use traditional exercise methods available.
Keywords: central auditory processing disorders, Dyslexia - diagnosis, Dyslexia - diagnosis