ORIGINAL ARTICLE
ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF POLISH CHILDREN WITH COCHLEAR IMPLANTS AT THE END OF THEIR PRIMARY EDUCATION
Malgorzata Zgoda 1, A-B,D-F  
,  
Artur Lorens 1, A,C,E
,  
Anita Obrycka 1, C-E
,  
 
 
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1
Implants and Auditory Perception Department, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Warsaw/Kajetany, Poland
2
Oto-Rhino-Laryngology Surgery Clinic, Institute of Physiology and Pathology of Hearing, Warsaw/Kajetany, Poland
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article;
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Malgorzata Zgoda   

Malgorzata Zgoda, ul. Mokra 17, Kajetany, 05-830 Nadarzyn, +48 223560334, email address: m.zgoda@ifps.org.pl
Publication date: 2020-04-07
 
J Hear Sci 2019;9(1):25–31
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Pediatric cochlear implant programs have been running in clinics around the world for more than 30 years. Application of a cochlear implant gives a deaf child the possibility of acquiring communication skills as good as those of their hearing peers. Reports of the school performance of deaf students who use cochlear implants are scarce. Reliable information is constrained by the difficulty of obtaining results from large groups of students with cochlear implants and of standardised tools to assess their academic abilities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the scores on a primary school competency test from children using cochlear implants and to compare them with scores from their typical hearing peers from Poland.

Materials and Methods:
The study group comprised 160 children with prelingual hearing loss. The measures for evaluating school achievements were the results of a standardised test at the end of primary school. Twenty one percent of the CI children did the standard version of the test (without any adjustments to the needs of students with a hearing loss), while the other 79% did an adjusted version of the test.

Results:
In general, the mean scores achieved by the CI children who did the standard version of the school test were slightly better than the mean results of the typical hearing group sitting the same test. The differences of means in favor of CI children were 3.4 points in overall score (which had a maximum of 40 points), and 0.3, 1.3, 0.7, 0.7, and 0.6 respectively on the subscales of reading, writing, reasoning, using information, and practical application of knowledge. However, on an adjusted version of the test, the mean scores obtained by the CI children were somewhat lower than the mean scores for all the children doing the same test (2 points in overall score, and 1.1, 0.5, 0.4, 0.02, and 0.2 on each respective subscale).

Summary:
The 21% of CI children who did the standard version of the school test (without any adjustments) had results which were on a par with those of children with normal hearing. The 79% who did the adjusted version of the test had results which were comparable to those of hard-of-hearing children.

 
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