CASE STUDY
A RARE CASE OF CONGENITAL SUPRASTERNAL DERMOID CYST
Arnak Balabekyan 1, B,E-F  
,   Andrzej Kowalski 1, D-E  
,   Dominik Sygut 2, B  
,   Jurek Olszewski 1, A-B,D-F  
 
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1
Department of Otolaryngology, Laryngological Oncology, Audiology and Phoniatrics, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
2
Department of Clinical Patomorphology and Cytopathology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
A - Research concept and design; B - Collection and/or assembly of data; C - Data analysis and interpretation; D - Writing the article; E - Critical revision of the article; F - Final approval of article;
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Jurek Olszewski   

Department of Otolaryngology, Laryngological Oncology, Audiology and Phoniatrics, Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lodzi, Zeromskiego 113, 91-647, Lodz, Poland; email: jurek.olszewski@umed.lodz.pl, Phone: +48426393580
Submission date: 2020-05-20
Final revision date: 2020-07-05
Acceptance date: 2020-07-09
Publication date: 2020-08-24
 
J Hear Sci 2020;10(2):67–70
 
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ABSTRACT
Background:
Dermoid cysts are benign congenital lesions occurring in about 80% in the ovaries and testicles and only in about 1.6-7% are they found in the head and neck region, mainly in the midline of the body.

Case report:
A rare case of congenital dermoid cyst in the central compartment of the neck is presented. It was diagnosed when the patient was 10 years old; later at age 22 the patient was re-diagnosed and qualified for surgical treatment. The paper outlines the diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed. It demonstrates the value of appropriate tests and exclusion of other possible diseases.

Conclusions:
Dermoid cysts are a rare disorder affecting mainly the ovaries and testicles which require detailed diagnostics as a part of differential diagnosis. In most cases, they do not cause severe symptoms and often require only simple surgical treatment.